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The institutional environments of Home and Hospital Education (HHE) in Europe

Description: Analysis conducted on the state of HHE in terms of regulations, laws, organisation, initiatives and policies, within the LeHo project partnership countries: Germany (North Rhine Westphalia and Bavaria regions), UK, Italy, Belgium (Flanders), Spain (Catalonia region), plus a focus on Egypt and additional information from Greece and Poland.
Notes: All nations represented in the project own a basic philosophy to include pupils and students with medical conditions in the process of education. These countries and almost all countries in the world accept a right to education for all pupils and students e.g. by ratifying the Convention on the Rights of the Child in the 1989 (CRC) and other international covenants. Adopting the Salamanca Statement in 1994, the nations listed in this project - in a total of 92 states - refer to the ideals of inclusion. Others like the United Kingdom don't define explicitly a philosophic statement on a national level, all the same they organize education for pupils and students with medical conditions. All statements lead to more or less comprehensive measures for different settings during a medical treatment that can take place in the hospital, at home or in other places. The intensity of the tuition often varies from scarcely anything to very extensive measures, depending on the accepted needs, the regional structure, the financial conditions of the country or the specific institution and last but not least on the concerned pupils’ and students’ ability to take part in the process of learning.
Key Educational Factors:
  • inter-institutional communication
  • text
Educational Settings:
  • hospital school
  • home education
  • mainstream school
Target group:
  • teacher/assistant
  • policy maker